Natural Dyes - The Beginning
Earlier this year, I attended a workshop at Bristol Textile Quarter, facilitated by Babs Behan of Botanical Inks. It was an introduction to Natural Dyeing, and my first foray into the various techniques that can be applied to colour fabric with things from nature.
We learnt about and tried bundle dyeing, shibori and hapazome. Using organic, ethical silk as the base fabric, we scattered petals from ethically grown flowers, onion skins and inks and powders made with materials such as logwood and gallnut. The fabric had been pre-mordanted with alum, which helps make the dye 'hold' and the fabric colourfast. Sprinkling petals onto the fabric in a pattern, I then applied a mist of vinegar, which helps the dye process, and then folded tightly.
The circular piece was just bundle dyed, which was to be steamed on a stove for an hour, rotating every 15 minutes. The triangle piece was folded using Shibori techniques and was placed in a dyebath of Brazilwood for an hour.
After the dyebath, the fabrics had been transformed - in the images above you can see what the tied fabrics looked like once out of the dyebath, and how they looked once they had been unfolded. I was really impressed with the vibrancy of the colour that the combination of petals and Brazilwood had formed in particular. The petals and leaves that were removed from the fabric were returned and could be used again once dry - although they may not have the same potency.
I left with my damp fabric samples in my bicycle pannier, a notepad scribbled with technical details and a head full of ideas as to how I could use these skills in my knitwear practice. As we used silk in the workshop, the same methods could be used on wool as they are both animal fibres.
Having left my samples to 'cure' in my airing cupboard for a few weeks (more like a month, as I went on holiday and forgot about them!), I washed them in PH neutral soap and left to dry.
Sadly, a lot of the vibrancy has been lost, with the pinks almost completely disappearing. I assumed that because the fabric had been mordanted that this wouldn't be the case, however from further reading I have realised that achieving a colourfast naturally dyed fabric can be quite difficult. Kristine Vejar in Grist wrote:
The more tannins in a dye, the greater the colorfastness; and some ingredients, like tea, have such strong tannins that they don’t require mordanting to affix to the fabric.
This has provided me with a very interesting new research point, as I can look into the various types of mordants and dyestuffs, and analyse whether they produce a more colourfast effect.
- Burns, R. (2017) Bundle Dyeing 1-7. (Own Collection)
- Vejar, K. (2015) Go all-natural with fabric dye for fabulous, earthy colors. [Online]. Accessed 18 October 2017]. Available from: http://grist.org/living/go-all-natural-with-fabric-dye-for-fabulous-earthy-colors/